Saturday, March 14, 2020
MUHAMMAD Ã¢â¬Å"PROPHET OF ALLAHÃ¢â¬ Muhammad was born in the midst of conditions such as famine and economic chaos. He was born in 569 A.D. after Christ. His father, Ã¢â¬ËAbdullah had dies some weeks earlier, and it was his grandfather who took charge over young Muhammad. According to the prevailing custom, Muhammad was entrusted to a Bedouin foster-mother, with whom he spent several years living in the desert. An interesting fact that almost foresaw MuhammadÃ¢â¬â¢s compassion was that when he was a baby he only breastfed off of one breast leaving the other for his foster-brother. This act was extraordinary and showed that he would be a leader and guide. When he was brought back home, his mother, Aminah, took him to his maternal uncles at Madinah to visit the tomb of his father. During the journey, he lost his mother who died a sudden death. At Mecca, another bereavement awaited him, in the death of his affectionate grandfather. Subjected to such privations, he was at the age of eight, consigned at last t o the care of his uncle, Abu-Talib, a man who was generous of nature but always short of resources and hardly able to provide for his family. Young Muhammad was therefore forced to start immediately to earn his livelihood. His first job at the age of ten was serving as a shepherd boy for some neighbors. He then traveled to Syria with his uncle. On this journey they traveled and lead a caravan. No other accounts of other travels between Muhammad and his uncle occur in any transcripts or texts. By the age of twenty-five Muhammad was already well known for his integrity of dispositions and the honesty of his character. He then met a woman. A rich widow that took him in her loving arm and consigned to him her goods to be taken for sale to Syria. Delighted with the unusual profits she obtained as also by the personal charms of her agent, she offered him her hand. They were then married. It is said that Muhammad was very happy w... Free Essays on Muhammad Ã¢â¬Å"The Prophet Of AllahÃ¢â¬Å" Free Essays on Muhammad Ã¢â¬Å"The Prophet Of AllahÃ¢â¬Å" MUHAMMAD Ã¢â¬Å"PROPHET OF ALLAHÃ¢â¬ Muhammad was born in the midst of conditions such as famine and economic chaos. He was born in 569 A.D. after Christ. His father, Ã¢â¬ËAbdullah had dies some weeks earlier, and it was his grandfather who took charge over young Muhammad. According to the prevailing custom, Muhammad was entrusted to a Bedouin foster-mother, with whom he spent several years living in the desert. An interesting fact that almost foresaw MuhammadÃ¢â¬â¢s compassion was that when he was a baby he only breastfed off of one breast leaving the other for his foster-brother. This act was extraordinary and showed that he would be a leader and guide. When he was brought back home, his mother, Aminah, took him to his maternal uncles at Madinah to visit the tomb of his father. During the journey, he lost his mother who died a sudden death. At Mecca, another bereavement awaited him, in the death of his affectionate grandfather. Subjected to such privations, he was at the age of eight, consigned at last t o the care of his uncle, Abu-Talib, a man who was generous of nature but always short of resources and hardly able to provide for his family. Young Muhammad was therefore forced to start immediately to earn his livelihood. His first job at the age of ten was serving as a shepherd boy for some neighbors. He then traveled to Syria with his uncle. On this journey they traveled and lead a caravan. No other accounts of other travels between Muhammad and his uncle occur in any transcripts or texts. By the age of twenty-five Muhammad was already well known for his integrity of dispositions and the honesty of his character. He then met a woman. A rich widow that took him in her loving arm and consigned to him her goods to be taken for sale to Syria. Delighted with the unusual profits she obtained as also by the personal charms of her agent, she offered him her hand. They were then married. It is said that Muhammad was very happy w...
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
US War Operations in the Pacific Theater Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words
US War Operations in the Pacific Theater - Essay Example In other words, American sentiment was basically isolationist. A sneak attack on the American naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii was the catalyst which had turned this public sentiment into a war-like footing as people were aghast at the perfidy of the Japanese treachery while at the same time still negotiating the terms of a peace agreement. In retrospect, America was more or less not so well prepared but its entry into the Allied side of a world war turned the tide as America had great natural resources necessary to conduct a war. This paper explores and discusses the American operations in the Pacific theater in WWII. America's entry into the war was precipitated by the Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor on December 8, 1941 (a beautiful Sunday morning) which caused heavy losses due to America being caught unawares of Japan's secret plans to control and conquer the British and Dutch colonial possessions in the Far East. Specifically, it was done as a preemptive strike at American naval forces by the Imperial General Headquarters of Japan to disable the American fleet; the attack was carried out by 353 fighters, bombers and torpedo planes launched on the Sunday when most American troops were out for church and other weekend activities. This attack was launched entirely from a naval battle group consisting of six aircraft carriers and it caused massive losses to America, which sunk four navy battleships and damaged four more. The aircraft destroyed was about 188 in total but American lives lost numbered to a staggering 2,402 killed and additional 1,282 servicemen wounded in what is called as a Ã¢â ¬Å"Day of InfamyÃ¢â¬ . Japan had imperial colonial designs of her own and coveted the numerous colonies in the Far East owned by Britain and the Netherlands. However, the Japanese military strategists knew they could not possibly win a war of attrition against an enemy like the United States of America which is much bigger in terms of population and has vast natural resources needed to conduct a prolonged war. Only a preemptive strike will allow Japan to gain a temporary initial advantage long enough for it to consolidate its gains and obtain access to the natural resources which it jealously covets such as oil, rubber, iron, gold and other minerals. The two European countries of Great Britain and the Netherlands were preoccupied with the war in Europe and so left their Asian colonies vulnerable with only minimal defenses, such as Singapore that fell into Japanese hands after a very short conquest. America was perceived by the Japanese as the only credible threat in the Pacific a rea due to the presence of its naval forces at Hawaii. Some of the Japanese military planners had been initially reluctant to draw America into this war; a main concern was not to awaken a sleeping giant with serious consequences for the whole of Japan if in case the war drags on (Fitzgerald 13) but almost everyone agreed it was necessary for Japan to strike first. It was a military victory but a huge political mistake on Japan's part. It gained for Japan about 6 months of advantage to enable it to at first dominate the Pacific war. Although American soldiers stationed at the Hawaii naval base at Oahu knew war is only a matter of time, no one expected it so soon and were caught with their pants down, so to speak. The sneak attack had angered American citizens and galvanized public opinion towards ultimate involvement in a war Americans did not want. America had to play catch up and the United
Monday, February 10, 2020
Write a report that encourages a IT company(your own company) to adopt a policy that prevent internet misuse at workplace - Essay Example The result is that information that employees might prefer to keep confidential may be exchanged over the employers network. Answers to these questions are, obviously, well beyond the scope of this article, but the questions do serve to highlight some of the issues that may concern employees about having their online activities monitored at work, and give some insight into the kind of interests for which employees might believe that they are entitled to legal protection of their privacy. In May of 2001 one group of employees, after discovering that their e-mail and Internet use was being monitored, even ordered staff to disable the monitoring software. (Bassett, 2002, para. 8) I think they were right, because the employer did not let them know about the monitoring software, and there wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t any Internet use policy in the company. Also reputation of the company may suffer from thoughtless employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ activities. Hines and Cramer consider reputation as a key component of any organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s intellectual asset portfolio. Damage to reputation can mean huge differences in customer allegiance, shareholder confidence, sales and the bottom line. (Hines and Cramer, 2003, p.1) Really, employees can use Internet to disparage their existing or former employer. Internet chat rooms, bulletin boards, live journals and other Web sites can be used for this. They provide opportunity to communicate anonymously, at no cost and to an unlimited audience. Hines and Cramer note that technical and financial risk management tools are relatively ineffective for protecting reputation, and corporate defamation is frequently caused by existing or former employees, and thatÃ¢â¬â¢s why organizations should focus more on protecting valuable reputation assets through the normative control Ã¢â¬â specifically, improved employment practices and education of employees. (Hines and Cramer, 2003, p.2) In a recent survey of 224 firms that utilized monitoring
Thursday, January 30, 2020
The Role Of Hrm Essay Suddenly, he has pleaded guilty to charges that are likely to land him in prison for 10 years, forfeited $29 million he personally made from operating the off-balance-sheet entities, and agreed to fully co-operate with the prosecutors. What caused FastowÃ¢â¬â¢s about-turn was the likely indictment of his wife, Lea Fastow. The only condition he made for his plea bargain was that he and his wife should not go to prison at the same time. He wanted to ensure that his two children had at least one parent at home. Basically, he sacriÃ¯ ¬ ced his self-interest, as he saw it, to protect the interests of his children and, to a lesser extent, those of his wife, who was also his high-school sweetheart. This was the same Andrew Fastow who designed EnronÃ¢â¬â¢s entire management system around a Ã¯ ¬ rm faith that employees pursued only their own self-interest. Ã¢â¬ËYou must allow people to eat what they hunt,Ã¢â¬â¢ he used to say, Ã¢â¬Ëonly then will they hunt well.Ã¢â¬â¢ It was this philosophy that made Enron adopt one of the most extreme systems of individual incentives: when you started a new venture within Enron, you got phantom stocks relevant only to your venture. As long as your efforts made money, you got rich, irrespective of what happened to other parts of the company. As a result, everyone in Enron, including Fastow, acted like hunters Ã¢â¬â looking out only for themselves. The results of such behaviour are now well known. This is an interesting contrast, and it is by no means unusual. Most managers know that they themselves, and most other people, care about others close to them in their personal lives Ã¢â¬â their children, old friends, perhaps even some of their neighbours Ã¢â¬â and that they would happily incur some costs to help these people. At the same time, they also believe that, at work, people care only about their own self-interest. Even if they do not explicitly believe that, they design their companiesÃ¢â¬â¢ organisational and managerial processes as if the motivation to voluntarily help others has no role in the ofÃ¯ ¬ ce or the factory. The facts are clear. Most people pursue their self-interest. At the same time, except for a pathological few, most people also have an innate preference for helping others. And they like to help others not just as a means to further their own self-interest but also as an end in itself. This is equally true for peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s personal and work lives. Also, this is not something as grand as altruism; itÃ¢â¬â¢s much more mundane than that Ã¢â¬â itÃ¢â¬â¢s how just all of us ordinary folks are. What would happen if senior managers recognised that it was possible to build an organisation in which people derived as much joy from the success of others as from their own success, and designed their management processes accordingly? It would vastly change those processes. As an example, make a quick inventory of your HR processes and put them into two categories: those that reinforce the self-interest-seeking behaviours of people, and those that support their helping others. Look at concrete processes and mechanisms, not abstractions like values which, unless translated and embedded in speciÃ¯ ¬ c practices, have little effect on behaviours. How long are the two lists? Can you do something to rebalance them? One possible difÃ¯ ¬ culty you may face is that you do not quite know what you can do to support the more co-operative behaviours. For example, what speciÃ¯ ¬ c kind of incentive systems might you use? What kind of decision-making processes can you adopt? Structurally, too, what can you do to hardwire non-selÃ¯ ¬ shness Ã¢â¬â which is not at all the same thing as becoming a saint and not the obverse of self-sacriÃ¯ ¬ ce Ã¢â¬â in your organisation? These are among the key questions that we, fellows of the Advanced Institute of Management Research, will be trying to answer. Much of the existing management research makes the same assumption as Fastow made about what motivates people at work. We will question and ENRON: SOMETHINGÃ¢â¬â¢S GOT TO GIVE broaden these assumptions with the aim of coming up with rigorously researched theories that are not victims of pessimism about people, and that will, we hope, help you build highperformance organisations that are also delightful to work in. Watch this space. Source: Sumantra Ghoshal, People Management, 12 February 2004, p. 23. Discussion questions 1 What is the point of HR if employees are only out to serve themselves? 2 What role could the HR manager play in building an organisation that celebrates the success of others rather than individuals? The opening vignette gives a disturbing view of management practices. Enron encouraged employees to lose sight of organisational goals, in an attempt to serve their own goals. The chief Ã¯ ¬ nancial ofÃ¯ ¬ cer of Enron, Andrew Fastow, encouraged self-interest by offering employees shares, which reÃ¯ ¬âected the value of the business they brought to the company. The result: a culture of selÃ¯ ¬ shness, which encouraged greed and ultimately destroyed the company. As an HR manager, your role in organisations will not be solely related to the concrete mechanisms of human resource management, such as the functions, but also abstract values, such as culture. Whether you work as a supervisor in a supermarket with responsibility for the checkout operators, the general manager of the local branch of a multinational bank, the union representative for a major airline or the director of HRM in a technology organisation, you will be responsible for managing people. You may have decided to choose people management because you have a love of people, but empathy for people is not necessarily what makes human resource practitioners effective. According to Hunt (1999), what is important for HR managers, is an understanding of the structures and climate in which peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s potential can be released, developed and rewarded. Andrew Fastow of Enron, although misguided, discovered this in his famous quote: Ã¢â¬ËYou must allow people to eat what they hunt Ã¢â¬â only then will they hunt well.Ã¢â¬â¢ However, he failed to understand the necessity of developing the whole organisation and the results are history. The Enron view of people management is not the view taken by all organisations. The John Lewis Partnership, for instance, also believes in giving its employees, or Ã¢â¬ËpartnersÃ¢â¬â¢ as they are referred to by the company, a stake in the organisation. It achieves this by encouraging workers to co-operate to fulÃ¯ ¬ l the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s aims. In turn, employees are rewarded with a share of the proÃ¯ ¬ ts. This book introduces you to the role of the people manager and human resource specialist. It also should be useful for general managers wanting to successfully manage and develop their employees. The book is designed not only to introduce you to the underlying theories and concepts that inform human resource practitioners but also to current practices necessary for the functions of HRM. At the moment, human resources (HR) is in a constant state of change, with Hunt (1999) suggesting that one of the following could happen. Human resources goes into decline Ã¢â¬â outsourcing and downsizing has removed the HR specialist from organisations and placed the HR role with the overworked line manager.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
On June 16, 1971, Tupac (born Lesane Parish Crooks) was born in Brooklyn, New York. He was named after an Inca Indian revolutionary: Tupac Amaru means "shining serpent", and Shakur is arabic for "thankful to God". Tupac was the son of the politcal activist Alice Faye Williams (Afeni Shakur). She was a member if the Black Panther Party. Tupac grew up without knowing that his biological father was still alive. Afeni moves in with Mutulu Shakur who becomes Tupac's stepfather and confidant for the rest of his life. Tupac accepted him as a father figure. At the age of 12 Tupac found a passion for acting and writing poetry. Afeni enrolls him in a Harlem theater group. Tupac plays Travis in 'A Raisin the Sun' as his first performance. Unfortunately, Tupac was unable to continue his training, and moved with his family to Marin City (The Jungle), California. He has been quoted saying "Leaving that school affected me so much, I see as the point where I got off track". The man side began to come out of Tupac as he now began to hang with the wrong crowd. Tupac changed out his alias MC New York with a new one, 2Pac. He rapped with Ray Luv in a group called "Strictly Dope". They perform in small shows for people around the neighborhood. Tupac auditions for Greg Jacobs (Shock G) of the group Digital Underground. Tupac joins the group as a roadie, dancer and as a rapper. He toured with Digital Underground, instead of waiting around for them to get back in town to work on his album, he preferred to travel with them to kill time. He appeared on several songs with Digital Underground including "Same Song", "DFLO Shuffle", and "Wassup Wit Tha Luv". Nothing could have stopped this man, he was on top of the world making movies and receiving good reviews and getting better acting jobs. Three days after he finished making "All Eyez On Me" Tupac began work on Makaveli: The Don Killuminati". Tupac never lived to see the album being put out. He died due to gunshot wounds. He and Suge Knight were attending the Mike Tyson Vs Bruce Seldom fight at the MGM Grand In Las Vegas, Nevada on the September the 7th, 1996. After the fight in the lobby, one of the staff from Death Row spotted Orlando Anderson. He was a crip who stole one of Death Row's chains.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
What if everything gets one nothing? What if it was true that man has the power to do whatever he pleases, but in the end all of it will mean Ã¢â¬â for lack of a better term Ã¢â¬â nothing? This school of thought is called existentialism, which is crucial in Tom Stoppard's play Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead Ã¢â¬â an absurdly written response to William Shakespeare's Hamlet. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern experience times of enlightenment, humor, and sorrow throughout their journey, leading them to ponder whether their livelihood actually has some sort of positive meaning. However, the ultimate gift of death crept up on them, without any explanation or hope, for all eternity. The ideas of existentialism are shown in the play through unstable identities, uncertain knowledge of the past, and anti-heroes which lead to Rosencrantz and GuildensternÃ¢â¬â¢s ultimate fate Ã¢â¬â their feared deaths. Unstable identities in the play contribute to the idea of existentialism by making Rosencrantz and Guildenstern indistinguishable, emphasizing their need for meaning. When introducing themselves to the Player and the tragedians, Rosencrantz announces, Ã¢â¬Å"My name is Guildenstern, and this is RosencrantzÃ¢â¬ ¦IÃ¢â¬â¢m sorry Ã¢â¬â his name is Guildenstern and IÃ¢â¬â¢m RosencrantzÃ¢â¬ (Stoppard 22). Their own deprivation of identity shows that the meaning in their individual lives is lost, making them into cynical, unrecognizable objects. In addition, they have lost their idiosyncrasies, creating a problem for other characters in distinguishing between the two. During a discussion about the King giving them an equal amount of money, Guildenstern exclaims that the king Ã¢â¬Å"wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t discriminate between [them]Ã¢â¬ (Stoppard 104). To the King, Ros and Guil are simply two objects that are willing to assist in any way possible; to him, there is no point in getting to know them individually. The KingÃ¢â¬â¢s lack of differentiation between the two shows that Ros and Guil have lost a deeper meaning to the King, leading to the bereavement of identity. The ambiguous identities of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern obliged their characters to embody no purpose, inflicting the idea of existentialism. Ros and GuilÃ¢â¬â¢s doomful deaths were caused by their nonexistent individuality. The pairÃ¢â¬â¢s past also lead them through an existential drift; without meaning in their past, the pair still have nothing to go on. The uncertainty of Rosencrantz and GuildensternÃ¢â¬â¢s past supplements the idea of existentialism by making the play enigmatic. While walking along the path to Elsinore Castle, Ros and Guil attempt to comprehend what they are doing before making the expedition to the estate; Guil asks Ros, Ã¢â¬Å"WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s the first thing you remember? Ã¢â¬ and Ros replies, Ã¢â¬Å"Oh, letÃ¢â¬â¢s seeÃ¢â¬ ¦the first thing that comes into my head, you mean?Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ah. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s no good, itÃ¢â¬â¢s goneÃ¢â¬ (Stoppard 16). Ros and Guil are not able to recollect past events due to the fact that the prior matters adhered no meaning. Even when Ros and Guil are dying, they cannot recall what they have done to deserve this with Ros crying, Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢ve done nothing wrong! We didnÃ¢â¬â¢t harm anyone. Did we? Ã¢â¬ and Guil replies Ã¢â¬Å"I canÃ¢â ¬â¢t rememberÃ¢â¬ (Stoppard 125). At their dying second, Ros and Guil are still unable to fathom what they have or have not done. Their past events are proven to be meaningless, leading them to an existential wandering containing no answers. Also through the use of anti-heroes, Stoppard made Rosencrantz and Guildenstern useless individuals who could not carry out a duty without the succor of one another. An anti-hero, in some cases, considers his or herself to be incapable of completing tasks while being corrupt, sullen, and disaffected. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern entrust each other to get through all dilemmas and yet they still become confused. When deciding what their next undertaking shall be, Guil asks Ros, Ã¢â¬Å"What are we going to do now? and Ros replies, Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know. What do you want to do? Ã¢â¬ (Stoppard 17). Using a popular decision-making device, Ros and Guil reveal that they do not have the confidence to decide what to do and to execute the decision. Confidence is an indicator of optimism, responsibility, and initiative; Ros and Guil occupy none of these positive attributes, giving manifestation of anti-heroes. Also, Ros and Guil count on the KingÃ¢â¬â¢s letter to get through the peregr ination, with Guil saying, Ã¢â¬Å"Everything is explained in the letter. We count on thatÃ¢â¬ (Stoppard 105). Ros and Guil refer to the letter whenever a predicament arises, urging them to resolve the issue. With the letter epitomizing their fate, it is what they count on the most. The pair fails to envisage that one another and the letter were the ultimate factors that lead to their demise. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern live up to the idea of anti-heroes in existentialism by being each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s hopeless backbones and depending on the letter, which leads them to their fateful deaths. Through the utilization of vacillating identities, unforeseeable knowledge of the past, and anti-heroes, existentialism augmented Rosencrantz and GuildensternÃ¢â¬â¢s ultimate kismet Ã¢â¬â their anticipated deaths. Tom Stoppard leads Ros and Guil through an obscure existence that turns out to encompass nothing. With this, the reader might ask, Ã¢â¬Å"What is life without purpose? Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â And one can say that it is certainly no life at all.
Monday, January 6, 2020
In general, people are the most intelligent specie in the universe as they have the abilities to understand the symbolic interaction and the differences that make them unfamiliar with others. Simply speaking, children are inherited the similarities from their parents such as blood type, physical characteristics, and personality. However, they are not completely and totally inherited everything from their parents. A young teenager may develop any kind of identifying characteristics that he is taught or is impacted through the actions of adults and peers. For instance, he must comply the rules from his parents and play video games for hours. This is one of the major factors that makes the human being and universe diversified and unique from other animal species. The differences and resemblances of a human generation can be founded in any aspects of the society from different ages such as in education between high school and college students. There is an important transformation that re quires high school students to adapt new information in order to become adults when they go to college. Although college and high school students are both learners, they have many variables that set them apart. Different from high school students, undergrads must manage their finance intelligently due to the essential expenses that they need to pay for. To demonstrate, college is not free like public high school and its tuition is extremely expensive. Two years college like Houston CommunityShow MoreRelatedDarwin s Theory On Evolution1018 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDarwinÃ¢â¬â¢s theory on Evolution Evolution is the belief that all living forms including humans came from ancient ancestors. Evolution is what makes life possible. It allows organisms to adapt to the environment as it changes. 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